Procedure for Prostate Biopsy
If, during Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) testing and Digital Rectum Examination (DRE) a prostate cancer is suspected, the next procedure in confirming a prostate cancer and determining its location would be a prostate biopsy. The procedure for prostate biopsy includes in direct examination of a prostate tissue by microscope, by extracting a minute amount of tissue from the prostate gland.
Because prostate cancer rarely manifests symptoms, and when it does it is sometimes mistaken as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) due to identical symptoms, direct examination of a tissue under a microscope is the most definitive procedure.
The procedure for prostate biopsy takes place first with the diagnosis.
Procedures for Prostate Biopsy Begins with the Annual Testing
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer involving men, especially in the United States and most developed countries. It is next to lung cancer as the leading cause of death. And furthermore, there’s no way to sidestep prostate cancer from happening, either you get it or don’t. Such that the American Urological Association and the American Cancer Society strongly recommends that older men should submit to yearly examination programs, including PSA testing and DRE, as soon as a male reaches ages of 40 and beyond.
When in the event the PSA test shows density, and the DRE has shown irregularity, the suspicion of prostate cancer is then raised. Then the doctor would judge if a prostate biopsy is in place.
All Procedures for Prostate Biopsy is Surgical Operation
Before the procedure for prostate biopsy, the patient may be given a dosage of antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection. And because it is a surgical operation, it is imperative that anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin and ibuprofen should not be taken. If a Trans-perineal Prostate Biopsy or a Trans-rectal Prostate Biopsy is employed, the doctor may order an enema before the procedure.
Depending on the suspected areas, there are three procedures for prostate biopsy, and each of them is designed to extract a tissue on a specific part of the gland. There is a trans-rectal procedure for prostate biopsy that takes samples from the back portion of the prostate through the rectum; there is the transurethral procedure that uses a cytoscope which will pass along the urethra and then extract a tissue on the front face of the prostate, and there is the trans-perineal procedure that involves cutting through the perinea to collect tissue samples on the underneath portion of the gland through the incision.